Google’s $5 Billion Privacy Lawsuit Settlement: Expanded Analysis

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Google’s Landmark $5 Billion Privacy Lawsuit Settlement: A Deep Dive

Google’s decision to settle a $5 billion lawsuit stems from allegations that it secretly tracked the internet use of millions of people using “Incognito” mode in its Chrome browser and other private browsing modes. The lawsuit, filed in 2020, covered a vast number of Google users dating back to June 1, 2016, and sought at least $5,000 in damages per user for violations of federal wiretapping and California privacy laws. 

Key Points: 

  • The lawsuit, filed in 2020, accused Google of secretly tracking users’ internet activities even when they were using “private” browsing modes like Chrome’s Incognito mode, violating user privacy expectations. 
  • Google agreed to settle the lawsuit for $5 billion, with a formal settlement scheduled for court approval on February 24, 2024. The case was initially scheduled for trial on February 5, 2024, but was put on hold due to the settlement. 
  • The lawsuit claimed that Google used sophisticated cookies, analytics, and other applications to track details such as hobbies, shopping behaviors, and other personal information of its users, even in private browsing modes. 
  • U.S. District Judge Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers, who oversaw the case, had previously dismissed Google’s attempt to have the lawsuit thrown out, citing concerns about Google’s commitment to privacy policies during private browsing sessions. 
  • The original lawsuit sought damages of up to $5,000 per user for violations of California wiretap laws. The final payout details are pending, but the settlement could range from $20 to several hundred dollars per eligible user. 

The settlement process was overseen by U.S. District Judge Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers in Oakland, California. Initially scheduled for trial in February 2024, the lawsuit was put on hold when Google and the consumer plaintiffs reached a preliminary settlement. The terms of the settlement have not been disclosed publicly, but the agreement was reached through mediation, with a formal settlement expected to be presented for court approval by February 24, 2024. 

The core allegation was that Google’s analytics, cookies, and apps enabled it to track user activities even when browsers were set to private modes. This data collection was said to include details about users’ friends, hobbies, favorite foods, shopping habits, and other potentially sensitive online searches. Despite Google’s attempt to have the lawsuit dismissed, Judge Rogers rejected the motion, citing ambiguities in Google’s privacy policies and statements which implied limitations on data collection in private browsing modes. 

While the exact payout details remain unclear, the lawsuit initially sought damages up to $5,000 per affected user for alleged violations of privacy laws. The settlement might refine the criteria for who is eligible for compensation, potentially impacting millions of Americans who used Google Chrome’s Incognito mode from June 1, 2016, until the lawsuit was filed. The final amount each user might receive is yet to be determined, with past settlements providing some insight into possible compensation ranges. 

Details of the Lawsuit and Settlement 

  • Accusations Against Google: The class-action lawsuit, initiated by William Byatt of Florida, Chasom Brown and Maria Nguyen of California, charged Google with collecting vast amounts of identifiable user data, including website content visited, device data, and IP addresses, even during private browsing sessions. 
  • Google’s Use of Sophisticated Tracking: Allegedly, Google employed sophisticated cookies, analytics, and applications to gather these details, amassing an “unaccountable trove of information” on users’ hobbies, shopping behaviors, preferences, and potentially sensitive information. 
  • Legal Proceedings: The lawsuit was set for trial on February 5, 2024, but has been put on hold following the preliminary settlement. The settlement terms are yet to be disclosed, but the original lawsuit sought damages of up to $5,000 per user for violations of California wiretap laws. 
  • Potential Payouts: While exact payout details are still under wraps, the settlement could entail payments ranging from $20 to several hundred dollars per user, based on precedents from Google’s past settlements. 

Google’s $5 billion privacy lawsuit settlement is a landmark case in the digital privacy landscape, highlighting the challenges and legal implications of user data collection practices by tech giants. As the details of the settlement unfold, it will offer further insights into the legal obligations of technology companies regarding user privacy and the potential repercussions of privacy violations. 


  • “Google settles $5 billion privacy lawsuit over tracking people using ‘incognito mode'” – Yahoo Finance. 
  • “Google Resolves $5 Billion Privacy Lawsuit, Nears Settlement Approval” – TechReport. 
  • “Google’s Mystery $5bn Lawsuit Settlement – What We Know So Far” – Tech.co. 
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