Tornadoes are violently rotating columns of air extending from a thunderstorm to the ground, known for their destructive power.

They form primarily during severe thunderstorms when changes in wind speed and direction create a horizontal spinning effect in the lower atmosphere. This rotation goes vertical due to rising air within the thunderstorm’s updraft. Tornadoes appear as funnel-shaped clouds and can range in color depending on the environment. Their path of destruction is unpredictable and can demolish buildings, uproot trees, and hurl objects at high speeds. They are rated using the Enhanced Fujita Scale, which assesses damage to estimate wind speeds. Understanding tornado formation and improving warning systems are key to reducing their impact on lives and property.