Tsunamis are large, powerful ocean waves typically caused by underwater earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, or landslides.
These events displace a vast amount of water, generating waves that travel across oceans at high speeds. Upon reaching shallow coastal areas, tsunamis rise to great heights and can inundate coastal communities with little warning. Unlike regular waves, tsunamis have longer wavelengths, enabling them to travel far inland, causing extensive flooding, property damage, and loss of life. Their impact depends on the wave's size, coastal geography, and preparedness of the affected region. Tsunami warning systems and education are crucial for early detection and evacuation, reducing potential harm to coastal populations.